The relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Cesarean delivery rate

Authors

  • sara maafa
  • Raja Rajab Tishreen University
  • Ahmad Hasan Yousef Tishreen University

Abstract

Background: Maternal Body Mass Index BMI has an impact on maternal and fetal pregnancy outcome . Thus, the incidence of CS increases.

Aim:our aim of this study is to investigate the The relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Cesarean delivery rate .

                                        

Patients and Methods: A prospective cohort study included 101 pregnant women with a single life fetus. The pregnancy BMI was calculated and divided into 4 groups .Log-binomial regression analyses were performed to assess relative risk(RR) of CS between maternal BMI categories after exclusion of variables with a mediating effect .

The duration of the research was one year from October 2020 to October 2021.

Results: 3%,60.4%, 19.8% and 16.8% of the subjects were underweight, normal, over weight and obese respectively. Compared with women of normal BMI ,the risk of CSwas significantly increased in overweight and obese women(RR adj 3.4  95%CI(1.7-5.9).

The obese group remained  more likely to CS even after adjusting for prenatal and neonatal factors(RR adj 2.3 CI95%(1.2-3.1)

Conclusion: Obese women are at a higher risk  of having a CS and shouldtherefore be considered as a high risk and managed appropriately during pregnancy .

Published

2022-11-13

How to Cite

1.
maafa sara, Raja Rajab, Ahmad Hasan Yousef. The relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Cesarean delivery rate. Tuj-hlth [Internet]. 2022Nov.13 [cited 2023Feb.8];44(5):445-63. Available from: http://journal.tishreen.edu.sy/index.php/hlthscnc/article/view/13749