دراسة انتشار بعض العادات الفموية عند أطفال المدارس في مدينة اللاذقية

بسام سلمان, فائق بدر, نوار عثمان

Abstract


الهدف: أجريت هذه الدراسة لتقييم انتشار بعض العادات الفموية ( تنفس فموي, بلع طفلي, مص إصبع ) عند أطفال المدارس في مدينة اللاذقية.

المواد والطرق: تم إجراء دراسة مقطعية شملت 825 طفل تراوحت أعمارهم بين (8-12) عام تم اختيارهم عشوائياً من أطفال المدارس في مدينة اللاذقية. تم جمع المعلومات المتعلقة بالعادات الفموية من خلال استبيان صُمم خصيصاً لغرض البحث تم إرساله إلى الآباء وتم إجراء التقييم السريري باستخدام أدوات الفحص.

النتائج: بلغت نسبة انتشار العادات الفموية المدروسة 36.4% وكان التنفس الفموي العادة الأكثر انتشاراً 22.8% يليه البلع الطفلي 17.3%، وكانت عادة مص الإصبع العادة الأقل انتشاراً 5.8% ولم يكن هناك فروق في انتشار العادات الفموية المدروسة تبعاً للجنس أو العمر.

الاستنتاجات: أظهرت الدراسة معدل انتشار عالي للعادات الفموية المدروسة ضمن عينة البحث وقد أبرز ذلك نقص اهتمام ووعي الأهل فيما يتعلق بالصحة الفموية لطفلهم والحاجة إلى تحسين خطط الصحة العامة للوقاية التقويمية بحيث يمكن تجنب حدوث سوء إطباق في المستقبل.

Aim of Study: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of some oral habits (mouth breathing, infantile swallowing, digit sucking) among school children in Lattakia city.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 825 children aged (8-12) years, from school children in Lattakia city. Information on oral habits was obtained from the parents through a specially designed questionnaire. A clinical evaluation was also done.

Results:.The results showed that the percentage of prevalence of oral habits in Lattakia school children was 36.4% , and mouth breathing (22.8%) which was most commonly seen followed by infantile swallowing (17.3%). Digit sucking was a less common habit seen in only 5.8% .There were no differences in the prevalence of these habits between boys and girls and there were no significant differences according to  age .

Conclusions: The study showed high prevalence of these oral habits. This highlighted a lack of awareness and care by families related to their children’s oral health as well as the need to improve public health plans for orthodontic prevention so that future occurrence of malocclusion can be avoided.


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رئيس التحرير: الأستاذ الدكتور هاني محمود شعبان

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