Risk factors for dysmenorrhea


  • Raja Ragab Tishreen University


Background : Primary dysmenorrhea is a common problem among adolescent females. There are many risk factors in the occurrence of dysmenorrhea some of which can be modified which can lead to improved dysmenorrhea. Objective: we aimed to Determine the prevalence of Dysmenorrhea, in addition to identify the factors that can be considered as risk factors for the occurrence of dysmenorrhoea. Factors studied: age, Family status, presence of children, body mass index, smoking, menstrual abnormalities, puberty age, physical activity of the woman. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 302 female participants in the Women’s clinic in Tishreen Hospital Between October 2021-October 2022, they answered questionnaire about menstrual characteristics, dysmenorrhea, age, Family status, weight, height,puberty age, smoking, and physical activity. Statistical analysis was performed using multiple linear regression. Results: The ages of the participants ranged between 14-25 years, 48.7% of them suffered from dysmenorrhoea, 30.8% were smokers, 16.9% were overweight, 4% were obese and 10.6% were underweiht. Factors affecting Dysmenorrhea were Menorrhagea and lack of physical activity (pvalue 0.006 for Menorrhagea, pvalue < 0.001 for physical inactivity). Conclusion: Menorrhagea and lack of physical activity can be considered as risk factors for dysmenorrhea and therefore modification of these factors can improve menstruation.



How to Cite

رجب ر. Risk factors for dysmenorrhea . Tuj-hlth [Internet]. 2023Mar.1 [cited 2024Jul.15];44(6):31-45. Available from: https://journal.tishreen.edu.sy/index.php/hlthscnc/article/view/14198