The Effect of Nonsurgical Therapy of chronic periodontitis on Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Persons With Type (2)Diabetes (Clinical study)

Authors

  • Tihama Yousef Tishreen University
  • Monef Almerae Tishreen University
  • Ammar Ebrahim Tishreen University

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontal disease are two common diseases with high prevalence rates. Recent evidence has showna bidirectional relationship between diabetes and periodontitis.

OBJECTIVE:: To determine if nonsurgical periodontal treatment reduces levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in persons with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: The main sample of the study consisted of (20) patients ,with type 2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis ,Reviewers for the Department of Periodontology in Tishreen University . The main sample of the study was divided into two groups: , the poorly controlled group [glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)7-8 %] included (10)  patients and the non-controlled group (HbA1c>8-9%) included (10)  patients .

All subjects received non-surgical periodontal therapy(oral hygine instructions,scaling and root planing). (HbA1c) was measured at baseline and 3 months after the treatment. periodontal probing depth(PD)was recorded at baseline and 3 months after the treatment.

RESULTS: The HbA1c of diabetic patients reduced significantly 3 months after treatment .The HbA1c of the non-controlled group reduced significantly3 months after treatment 8.61 %  compared with the HbA1c of the poorly controlled group 7.36%((p-value<0.05 ) .

At 3 months after treatment, ( PD) of both groups significantly reduced (p-value<0.05 ). The periodontal probing depth (PD) of the non-controlled group reduced significantly3 months after treatment compared with (PD) of the poorly controlled group(p-value<0.05 ).

CONCLUSIONS: Non-surgical periodontal treatment improved and maintained the  gingival and periodontal health of patients with Type (2) diabetes ,and  improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis.

Author Biographies

Tihama Yousef, Tishreen University

Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry

Monef Almerae, Tishreen University

Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Human Medicine

Ammar Ebrahim, Tishreen University

Postgraduate Student (Masters), Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry

Published

2021-07-06

How to Cite

1.
يوسف ت, المرعي م, ابراهيم ع. The Effect of Nonsurgical Therapy of chronic periodontitis on Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Persons With Type (2)Diabetes (Clinical study). Tuj-hlth [Internet]. 2021Jul.6 [cited 2024Jun.23];43(3). Available from: https://journal.tishreen.edu.sy/index.php/hlthscnc/article/view/10724

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