Study of The Association Between Glycated Hemoglobin Level and Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Type2 DM Patients

Authors

  • Hamsah Sliman tishreen university
  • Yasser Ali Tishreen University
  • Youssef Youssef Tishreen University

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus can affect the auditory system due to neuropathy and microvascular complications following hyperglycemia.

Prevention of hearing loss is a fundamental importance and therefore it is necessary to determine whether well-controlled diabetes diminishes its occurrence.

Objectives: the main objective: to study the association between glycohemoglobin level and sensorineural hearing loss  in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients .

Secondary objective: to study the association between sensorineural hearing loss and the following variables: sex, age, duration of diabetes mellitus , fasting plasma glucose levels in the sample.

Materials and methods: A descriptive study( cross section) included 72 patients (45 females- 27 males) attending ENT clinic and Endocrinology clinic at Tishreen University Hospital in Lattakia between 2021- 2022 between the ages of 26 and 55 years.

After measuring fasting plasma glucose and glycohemoglobin levels, the patients were divided  into 3 groups according to their  glycohemoglobin levels:

First group: controlled diabetes: HbA1c<7.

Second group: partially controlled diabetes: HbA1c 7-8.

Third group: uncontrolled diabetes: HbA1c>8.

A pure tone audiometry was conducted for each patient and then the results were compared in the three groups.

Results: we found a significant relationship between sensorineural hearing loss in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the following variables: glycated hemoglobin level, age and duration of diabetes.

Conclusion: High glycated hemoglobin level, older age and longer duration of diabetes could be considered risk factors for sensorineural hearing loss in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Published

2023-09-18

How to Cite

1.
سليمان ه, ياسر علي, يوسف يوسف. Study of The Association Between Glycated Hemoglobin Level and Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Type2 DM Patients. Tuj-hlth [Internet]. 2023Sep.18 [cited 2024Feb.29];45(4):451-63. Available from: https://journal.tishreen.edu.sy/index.php/hlthscnc/article/view/15244